Lian is a virtuous benevolent love.
should be pursued by all human beings, and reflects a moral life.
The way of
God's Messenger is the way of
Love. We are all
is our Mother.
benefit both ourselves and others. Through kindness to others, your heart and
mind will be peaceful and open.
Dalai Lama XIV
It makes no difference as to
the name of the God, since
Love is the real God of all the World.
Definitions of Love
Different cultures have deified love, typically in
both male and female form. Here is a list of the gods
and goddesses of love in different mythologies.
Amor or Cupid – god of
passionate love in Roman mythology
Aphrodite – goddess of
passionate love in Greek mythology
Eros – god of
passionate love in Greek mythology
Freya – goddess in
Kama – god of sensual
Rati – goddess of
passionate love in Hindu mythology
Venus – goddess of passionate
love in Roman mythology
Xochipilli – god in Aztec
Most religions use
express the devotion the follower has to their deity who may
be a living guru or religious teacher. This love can be
expressed by putting the love of God above personal needs,
prayer, service, good deeds, and personal sacrifice, all
done selflessly. Reciprocally, the followers may believe
that the deity loves the followers and all of creation. Some
traditions encourage the development of passionate love in
the believer for the deity.
Christians believe that love to God and to other people
(God's creation, as they see it) are the two most
important things in life (the greatest commandment of
God, according to Jesus. See The Gospel of Mark chapter
12, verses 28-34 in the Bible). Saint Augustine
summarized this when he wrote "Love God, and do as thou
wilt". Christians also believe in the love of God for
man so much that he would sacrifice his son for them.
Many Christian theologians see God as the source of love
which is mirrored in humans and their relationships.
Agapē. In the
New Testament, Agapē, is charitable, selfless,
altruistic, and unconditional. It is fatherly love
seen as creating goodness in the world, and is
reciprocal between believers and God.
used in the New Testament, Phileo is a human
response to something that is found to be
delightful. Also known as "brotherly love."
Nomos. Nomos is
devotion to God, and the subjugation of the will
before Him and His divine law.
is sensous, sexual love. It is an obstacle on the
path to enlightenment, since it is selfish.
Karunā is compassion and mercy which reduces the
suffering of others. It is complimentary to wisdom,
and is necessary for enlightenment.
Advesa and maitrī are benevolent love. This love is
unconditional and requires considerable
self-acceptance. This is quite different from the
ordinary love, which is usually about attachment and
sex, which rarely occur without self-interest.
Instead, in Buddhism it refers to detachment and
unselfish interest in others' welfare.
theologians and philosophers have distinguished nine
forms of devotion that they call bhakti e.g. in the
Bhagavatha-Purana and according to Tulsidas. The booklet
Narada bhakti sutra written by an unknown author
distinguishes eleven forms.
In kāma is pleasurable, sexual love, personified by
the god Kama. For many Hindu schools it is the third
end in life (artha).
contrast to kāma, prema or prem refers to elevated
is compassion and mercy which reduces the suffering
is a Sanskrit term from Hinduism meaning loving
devotion to the supreme God. A person who practices
bhakti is called bhakta.
In a sense,
love does encompass the Islamic view of life as
universal brotherhood which applies to all who holds the
faith. There is no direct references stating that God is
love, but amongst the 99 names of God, there is the name
Al-Wadud or "the Loving One," which is found in Surah
11:90 as well as Surah 85:14. It refers Allah as being
"full of loving kindness." In Islam, love is more often
than not used as an incentive for the sinners to aspire
to be as worthy for a God's love as they may. One still
has God's love, but how the person evaluate's his own
worth is to his own and Allah's own counsel. All who
holds the faith has Allah's love, but to what degree or
effort has he pleased God depends on the individual
Ishq. Ishq, or
divine love, is the emphasis of Sufism, Sufis
believe that love is a projection of the essence of
God to the universe. God desires to recognize
beauty, and as if one looks at a mirror to see
oneself, God "looks" at itself within the dynamics
of nature. Since everything is a reflection of God,
the school of Sufism practices to see the beauty
inside the apparently ugly.
employs a wide definition of love, both between people
and between man and the Deity. As for the former, the
Torah states: "Love your neighbor like yourself"
(Leviticus 19:18). As for the latter, one is commanded
to love God "with all your heart, with all your soul and
with all your possessions" (Deuteronomy 6:5), taken by
the Mishnah (a central text of the Jewish oral law) to
refer to good deeds, willingness to sacrifice one's life
rather than commit certain serious transgressions,
willingness to sacrifice all one's possessions and being
grateful to the Lord despite adversity (tractate
Berachoth 9:5). Rabbinic literature differs how this
love can be developed, e.g. by contemplating Divine
deeds or witnessing the marvels of nature. As for love
between marital partners, this is deemed an essential
ingredient to life: "See life with the wife you love"
The Biblical book Song of Songs is a
considered a romantically-phrased metaphor of love
between God and his people, but in its plain reading
reads like a love song. The 20th century Rabbi Eliyahu
Eliezer Dessler is frequently quoted as defining love
from the Jewish point-of-view as "giving without
expecting to take". Romantic love per se has few echoes
in Jewish literature, although the Medieval Rabbi Judah
Halevi wrote romantic poetry in Arabic in his younger
years (also he appears to have regretted this later).
which basically combines the meaning of "affection"
and "compassion" and is sometimes rendered in
English as "loving-kindness". Hesed describes God's
Ahava. Ahava for
'affection' or 'favor'. It is not as widely used as