class of stock that pays a reasonable dividend and is convertible into common
stock. Generally the convertible feature may only be exercised after being held
for a stated period of time. This arrangement is usually considered second-round
financing when a company needs equity to maintain its cash flow.
feature of certain bonds, debentures, or preferred stock that allows them to be
exchanged by the owner for another class of securities at a future date and in
accordance with any other terms of the issue.
legal form of protection available to creators and authors to safeguard their
works from unlawful use or claim of ownership by others for a limited period.
Copyrights may be acquired for works of art, sculpture, music and published or
license in which a licensor and licensee reciprocally grant to each other the
rights for the use of patented objects of industrial property and know-how,
belonging to each.
intelligence (CQ) is your capability to grow personally through continuous learning and good
understanding of diverse cultural heritage, wisdom
and values, and to deal effectively with people from different cultural
background and understanding.
that a product or process has been developed or modified sufficiently to meet
the needs of users.
Differentiation is a
strategy that focuses on making an organization more
competitive by developing a
product or products that customers perceive as being different from products
offered by competitors.
Due diligence is a form of research. It is a
reasonable investigation conducted by the parties involved in preparing a
registration statement to form a basis for believing the statements contained
therein are true and that no material facts are omitted.
Economic Value Added (EVA)
A widely recognized tool that is used to measure
the efficiency with which a company has used its resources. In other words,
EVA is the difference between return achieved on resources invested
and the cost of resources.
Technologies (or Pacing technologies)
not yet in use but whose potential could be significant in replacing
technologies used in current products or in generating new products.
Keep Your Computer-tired Eyes Healthy
aggregation of all establishments owned by a parent company. An enterprise may
consist of a single, independent establishment or include subsidiaries and other
branches under the same ownership and control.
designated area, usually found in inner cities and other areas with significant
unemployment, where business receive tax credits and other incentives to entice
them to establish operations there.
person who takes the risk of organizing and operating a new business venture.
Entrepreneurial creativity is about coming up with
innovative ideas and turning them into value-creating profitable business
Entrepreneurial leadership is leadership that is based on the attitude that the leader is
ownership interest. Financing in which partial or total ownership of a company
is surrendered in exchange for capital. An investor's financial return comes
from dividend payments and from growth in the net worth of business.
Financing (also Equity midrisk
unsecured investment in a company. Usually a purchase of ownership interest in a
company that occurs in the latter stages of a company development.
limited partnership arrangement for providing start-up and seed capital to
the potential success of translating an invention into a product or process.