Five Basic Elements of
– functions as the root, ground, or source within each
– entails flow, continuity, penetration.
– entails life, heat, activity, clarity in the mind
– depicting change, movement, maturity, life supporting.
– intelligence, communication, formlessness, and creative
is greater than inaction. Perform therefore thy task in life.
Even the life of the body could not be if there were no action.
That one I love who is incapable of
ill will, and returns
hatred. Living beyond the reach of I and mind, and of pain and
pleasure, full of mercy, contented, self-controlled, with all
his heart and all his mind given to Me
– with such a one I
am in love.
Beliefs. Man is made by his
belief. As he believes, so he is.
Detachment. Better indeed is
knowledge than mechanical practice.
Better than knowledge is meditation. But better still is
surrender of attachment to results, because there follows
The disunited mind is far from
wise; how can it
meditate? How be at
peace? When you know no
peace, how can you know joy?
Neither in this world nor elsewhere
is there any
happiness in store for him
who always doubts.
On this path effort never goes to waste, and
there is no failure.
Even a little effort toward spiritual awareness will protect you
from the greatest fear.
mind in me, still
yourself in me, and without a doubt you shall be united with me,
Love, dwelling in your heart.
When meditation is mastered, the
mind is unwavering like the flame of a lamp in a windless place.
No work stains a man who is pure, who is in harmony, who is
master of his
life, whose soul is one with the soul of all.
The mind is restless
and difficult to restrain, but it is
subdued by practice.
Those who have
conquered themselves...live in
peace, alike in cold and heat, pleasure and pain, praise and blame...To such
people a clod of dirt, a stone, and gold are the same... Because they are
impartial, they rise to great heights...
Values of the Indian
Philosophy for Today's Life
Capacity to provide
in pursuit of the ultimate goal
Viewing each individual as having
high potential for excellent
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the
World. Hindu believe that their religion is without beginning or end and is
a continuous process even preceding the existence of the Earth and the many
other worlds beyond. The greatness of Hinduism is at once its complexity and
Many ancient cultures in Asia have been greatly influenced by the Hindu
The word Hindu is of geographic origin and was
derived from the name originally settled on the River Sindhu. It was
corrupted by foreign visitors to the word 'Hindu', and the faith of the
Hindus was given the name ' Hinduism'. Scholars however call this the
Brahmanical faith, for to attain the Brahman or the Universe Soul is the
ultimate aim of all Hindu thought.4
Hinduism is also called Sanatana Dharma or the
Eternal Religion as it possesses great qualities of catholicity of outlook
and free thinking. Even an atheist is not precluded from being a Hindu and
neither hell nor doomsday is envisioned for the agnostic. Hinduism is also
tremendously tolerant of other religious faiths and beliefs. It allows a
Hindu to worship is a church, mosque, or gurdwara as freely as he does in a
Hinduism is not just a religion but a way of
life. It permeates totally the life of every Hindu from the moment of his or
her birth, be he or she a believer or non-believer, a scholar or an
"Hinduism is a rare faith with few "do's" and
"don'ts" postulated, but one which has many signposts showing the different
spiritual paths available to different types of people," says Shakunthala
Jagannathan.4 "It accepts the reality that there are varying
intellectual and spiritual levels in each one of us and all cannot therefore
take the same path, although the goal may be the same. Hinduism therefore
offers different approaches to persons of different aptitudes, depending on
whether he be a philosopher or a poet, a mystic or a man of
intellectual or a simple man of faith. This is a unique feature of the
religion as it permits the greatest of freedom of worship and insists that
each person must be guided by his or her own individual spiritual
experience. It does not accept dictatorship in religious guidance."
Man is God-potential
Indian philosophy has viewed each individual as
trying to realize his identity.
a combination of the Divine in the human and the human in the Divine, is the
supreme example of how people should conduct themselves in the world, how a
country should be governed, how the integrity and morality of human beings
should be protected. High-minded actions, ideal qualities, and sacred
thoughts are basic foundations of his character. "Rama is immanent in the
entire cosmos. Rama is present everywhere. Hence you have to love all, serve
Shri Sathya Sai Baba.3
"Indian philosophy has always encouraged people
to raise themselves above day-to-day trappings of life, seek meaning with
factors which go beyond the usual and connect purpose of life with a
The 4 Stages
of Life in Hinduism
The Wheel of Life: Eastern vs. Western View
In Hinduism, human life is believed to comprise
four stages. These are called "ashramas". Ashram means "a place of spiritual
shelter." Every man should ideally go through each of these stages:
1. Student (The First Ashrama – "Brahmacharya")
2. Householder (The Second Ashrama – "Grihastha")
3. Hermit (The Third Ashrama – "Vanaprastha")
4. Wandering Ascetic (The Fourth Ashrama – "Sannyasa")
The Bhagavad Gītā (Song of God), also more simply known as
Gita, is a Sanatana Dharma or Hindu scripture produced from the colloquy
given by Sri Krishna to Arjuna during the Kurukshetra War. Its philosophies
and insights are intended to reach beyond the scope of religion and to
humanity as a whole .
The Bhagavad Gita is revered as sacred by the majority of
Hindu traditions, and especially so by followers of Krishna. It is at times
referred to as the "manual for mankind" and has been highly praised by not
only Indians but also by Western great thinkers.
The Bhagavad Gita is considered among the most important
texts in the history of literature and philosophy. It comprises exactly 700
verses, and is a part of the Mahabharata. The verses, using the range and
style of Sanskrit meter (chandas) with similes and metaphors, are very
poetic; hence the title, which translates to "the Song of the Divine One",
of Bhagavan in the form of Krishna.
The teacher of the Bhagavad Gita is Lord Krishna, who is
revered by Hindus as a manifestation of God (Parabrahman) Himself, and is
referred to within as Bhagavan, the Divine One.
The context of the Gita is a conversation between Lord
Krishna and the Pandava prince Arjuna taking place on the battlefield before
the start of the Kurukshetra War. Responding to Arjuna's confusion and moral
dilemma about fighting his own cousins, Lord Krishna explains to Arjuna his
duties as a warrior and prince, and elaborates on different Yogic and
Vedantic philosophies, with examples and analogies. This has led to the Gita
often being described as a concise guide to Hindu theology and also as a
practical, self-contained guide to life. During the discourse, Lord Krishna
reveals His identity as the Supreme Being Himself (Svayam Bhagavan),
blessing Arjuna with an awe-inspiring vision of His divine universal form.
The Bhagavad Gita is also called Gītopaniṣad, implying its
having the status of an Upanishad, i.e. a Vedantic scripture. As it is taken
to represent a summary of the Upanishadic teachings, it is also called "the
Upanishad of the Upanishads". Another title is mokṣaśāstra, or "Scripture of