The Tao of Cleaner Production
Working with purchasing staff to identify
suppliers that meet 'industry best practice' in cleaner production;
ensuring that your
suppliers meet certain environmental requirements
(active, aggressive side).
Design for Environment.
and production staff to select materials and/or processes that are
Cleaner Production Strategies
Eliminate residue streams
that contain substances under phase-out regulatory restrictions...
EcoDesign for Waste Minimization
EcoDesign Strategies for Waste
Design + Environment, Helen Lewis and John Gertsakis
Industrial Ecology, Graedel, T.E., and B.R. Allenby
LCA and TCA as Tools for Measuring Green Productivity, Ik Kim and
Cleaner Production Within
SMEs, Ling Yuang
Cleaner Production Defined
By its definition, cleaner
production is a
business strategy for
enhancing productivity and environmental performance for overall
Cleaner production processes are
those that produce less waste, whether in terms of liquid wastes discharged
to waterways, solid wastes going to landfill or gaseous wastes discharged to
the air. Many companies have achieved environmental and economic benefits by
implementing cleaner production programs.
Although it is not possible to totally eliminate the negative
environmental impact caused by mass production, you must strive to make it
cleaner when compared with traditional processes. A cleaner production must
have one or more features listed below4:
Using less raw material,
Using recycled material,
Using less types of material for the ease of waste recovery,
Using less packaging material,
Using renewable energy,
Using chlorine-free plastics and solvent,
Using less energy and nature resource (including land, water
and biodiversity, etc.),
Generating less waste,
Having components that can be reused after disposal.
Causing less noise and malodor.
Lean Enterprise: 13 Tips
Lean is about doing more with
less: less time, inventory, space people and money. Lean manufacturing
is, in its most basic form, the systematic elimination of
7 wastes –
overproduction, waiting, transportation, inventory, motion, over-processing,
defective units – and the implementation of the concepts of continuous flow
and customer pull...
Toyota Production System
Integrated Environmental and Quality
Management System (EQMS)
A recent market study in the
Netherlands initiated by The Dutch Technical Committee on Quality Management
and carried out by the Netherlands Standardization Institute (NEN) in
collaboration with Tilburg University TIAS Business School concluded that
full integration between ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 14001 was possible and
it was easiest for organizations that had structured their ISO 9001
Quality Management System together with their business processes and such
integration could lead to valuable synergies...
Measuring Cleaner Production
Measuring CP is
of critical importance. You must use appropriate indicators, which are
generally applicable, yet specifically measurable. The indicators should
enable not only estimation of the CP of a product or process and its
comparison with other equivalents, but also improvement of the existing
process or product and the
development of new products.
Life Cycle Assessment
(LCA) and Total Cost Assessment (TCA) are two types of CP indicators that
help managers understand the practical implications of GP and make right
Shwee Shwian Food Co. (Thailand)
A cleaner production program was implemented in
Shwee Shwian Food Co., a
medium-sized ginger factory in northern Thailand. The results showed that the
incentive program linked to benefits gained by the company through
better control of ginger quality led to better results than the awareness
programs. The farmers could benefit from improving the quality of their
ginger, lower their operating costs, and improve their productivity as well.
Return on investment amounted to 1,483% within the first year...
Ford Lio Ho Motor
Ford Lio Ho, Taiwan established a Corporate
System (CSS) with its suppliers to enhance its overall
performance. Ford Lio Ho has also requested that all of its suppliers
become certified under ISO 14000.
The total investment in the Green Productivity Demonstration
Programs (GPDP) options and
corporate synergy projects was estimated to be
US$ 15.6 million. The environmental benefits generated from these GPDP
options during the second year are listed below and resulted in savings of
US$ 6.8 million:
consumption reduced by 8,000 tons;
reduced by 58,000 tons;
reduced by 8,900,000 kW;
General waste reduced
by 1,000 tons;
Hazardous waste reduced
by 290 tons; and
CO2 emissions reduced
by 4,500 tons.
Canon, a Model Workshop means a workshop where: