7-S Model – a Systemic Approach to Improving Organizations
The 7-S model is a tool for
managerial analysis and action that provides a structure with which to
consider a company as a
whole, so that the
organization's problems may be
diagnosed and a strategy may be
The 7-S diagram illustrates the
multiplicity interconnectedness of elements that define an
ability to change.
The theory helped to
thinking about how
companies could be improved.
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7-S model says that it is not just a matter of
devising a new strategy and following it through. Nor is it a matter of
setting up new systems and letting them
generate improvements. To be effective, your organization
must have a high degree of fit, or internal alignment among all the seven
Ss. Each S must be consistent with and reinforce the other Ss. All Ss are
interrelated, so a change in one has a ripple effect on all the others. It
is impossible to make progress on one without making progress on all.
to improve your organization, you have to master
systems thinking and pay
attention to all of the seven elements at the same time. There is no
starting point or implied hierarchy – different factors may drive the
business in any one organization.